Women face unique financial challenges in retirement that men do not.
“Compared to male retirees, female retirees will have lower wealth and incomes, higher poverty rates, and a larger share whose incomes are below 45 percent of the national average wage.”
–Barbara A. Butrica, Senior Research Associate, and Cori E. Uccello, Consultant Urban Institute
As a young girl, I watched my grandmother struggle financially after my grandfather left her for a younger woman.
She never worked outside the home, which meant she had no assets, no savings and no retirement income other than Social Security. Unfortunately, she had to go into a nursing home due to serious health complications. She died broke and penniless at the young age of sixty-seven.
Unfortunately, my grandmother’s situation is not all that unique. According to experts, living impoverished in retirement is a plight many baby boomer women will face.
“The fate of boomer women could be worse than their predecessors’, as this generation spend more, acquires more debt, and is less likely to have traditional pensions, spousal benefits, or retiree healthcare coverage.”
–Cindy Hounsell, President, Women’s Institute for a Secure Retirement
Pension income is a thing of the past, and Americans, for the most part, are not great at saving. Which means the generation of women approaching their sixties and seventies are counting on Social Security to be their primary source of retirement income.
There’s no denying the fact that women face unique financial challenges in their golden years.
Contributing factors include:
✓ Boomer women are typically not savers. Most live paycheck to paycheck.
✓ Women spend more time out of the workforce over the span of their careers due to caring for children or aging parents.
✓ Women still earn less than men.
✓ More women work part-time, which means they don’t get access to workplace retirement plans.
✓ Women live longer than men.
✓ Women contribute less to Social Security, which means lower benefits and less retirement income from Social Security.
“The aging of America’s baby boomer women is the most urgent issue facing our nation in the 21st century,” says Paul Hodge, editor of the book Baby Boomer Women: Secure Futures or Not?
Consider these major findings from his book:
- While women are the majority of older Americans, policymakers have often overlooked their needs and long ignored the plight of women approaching retirement with insufficient resources. This needs to change quickly.
- The fate of boomer women could be worse than their predecessors, as the boomer women spend more, acquire more debt, and are less likely to have traditional pensions, spousal benefits, or retiree health coverage.
- Boomer women who are counting on “home equity extractions” to finance their current lifestyles and retirement futures may be in for a shock if/when housing values level off and decline. For boomer women, how financially secure they are likely to be as they age will be greatly influenced by their present and future housing choices.
- The US healthcare system is failing to meet the healthcare needs of aging boomer women. Women from lower socio-economic groups and racial/ethnic minorities are most vulnerable. American women live an average of 79.9 years, more than four years longer than men. Yet, according to the World Health Organization’s healthy life expectancy measure, American women are 29th in the world.
- Making retirement money last for life is essential for boomer women because their savings are smaller than men’s, yet must last over longer life spans. Social Security protects against financial risks that retirees face: it pays benefits for life; the benefits keep up with inflation; widows’ benefits are automatic, and retirees do not bear investment risk. The Bush Administration’s proposal for personal accounts does not cover these risks.
- If differences in poverty rates by sex, marital status, and race continue, overall poverty rates among aging boomer women will considerably increase among future boomer retirees. Compared with male retirees, boomer women will have lower wealth and incomes, higher poverty rates, and a larger share whose incomes are below 45 percent of the average national wage.
- Trends indicate that many boomer women will be working well into their 60s and beyond, challenging the concept of traditional retirement age at 65. About 50% of all women are and will be working in low-paying jobs without pensions or other employer-sponsored retirement savings plans of any kind.
- Boomer women as a group earn less than many men. In addition to increased housing expenses, a growing proportion of retiring boomer women will have to pay for their retirement health benefits. Given these facts, many boomer women will face daunting savings challenges before they reach retirement age. From 2020 to 2030, when older boomer women will be 64 to 74, they are projected to face an income shortfall of at least $400 billion dollars.
- Social Security and pension plans are designed to work well for people with stable career employment, but not for those boomer women who interrupted their work years to care for children or loved ones. Women’s life histories and the way they interact with employer-sponsored benefit plans, individual savings and insurance plans, Social Security, and other social safety net programs often create financial shortfalls.
- Boomer women are waking up to the fact that they will need more money than they thought to live comfortably in their later years, and will view work as a transition to or an integral part of their retirement. Given the enormous gains in health and life expectancy, working longer is the only logical way for many women boomers to acquire much-needed income.
- Women’s increased participation in the workforce does not necessarily translate into a better retirement for most boomer women. Women need more retirement income but they usually have less — women working full-time are still earning only 76 percent of what men earn.
- Women boomers will enter retirement with substantially different characteristics than women retirees of previous generations. They are more likely to be divorced or never married, but have greater education and stronger labor force participation. Despite the gains in their economic status, boomer women will receive relatively less from the retirement income system than their predecessors.
- More than half of working women do not have access to pensions or other retirement plans. And those who are fortunate enough to have access to health and retirement plans are now contributing to those plans out of their smaller paychecks leaving them less money to save for the future.
- For boomer women and those who follow them, it is important that women establish their own earnings records as early in their careers as possible. Despite the national trend of one-parent families, the Social Security system rewards the old-fashioned family norm of the breadwinner husband and the homemaker wife best.
So, you see, my passion and concern for the financial wellbeing of women in retirement is based on solid findings. I hope you’ll see the urgency in creating your own retirement plan.
The Perfect Retirement Plan Solution for Women
I truly believe that entrepreneurship is the best retirement plan for women in today’s economy.
If we women want to live a life worth living well into retirement and be able to take care of ourselves, we need to go after everything God meant for us to have. That includes financial abundance.
“For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.”
Jeremiah 29:11 NIV
“From birth to age 18, a girl needs good parents, from 18 to 35 she needs good looks, from 35 to 55 she needs a good personality, and from 55 on she needs cash.”